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Category: Skincare


Betnovate is used to help relieve redness, itching, swelling, or other discomfort caused by skin conditions.

Active Ingredient: Betamethasone

Betnovate (Spel) as known as: Akriderm, Alphatrex, Alpider, Anflavate, Antebate, Antroquoril, Asisone, Beben, Bectmiran, Bedicort g, Behealth, Beloderm, Belogent, Belosalic, Bemetson, Bemon, Benoson, Bentelan, Beprogel, Beprosone, Beprospen, Berbesolone, Besone, Bestflan, Beta cream, Beta micoter, Beta ointment, Béta septigen, Beta-micoter, Beta-val, Betabioptal, Betacap, Betacort, Betacorten, Betacream, Betacrem, Betaderm, Betadermic, Betafloroto, Betafoam, Betafusin, Betagalen, Betagentam, Betaject, Betalotio winthrop, Betam-ophtal, Betamatic, Betamed, Betamesol, Betameson, Betamet, Betametasona, Betametha, Betamethason, Bétaméthasone, Betamethasonum, Betamil, Betanoid, Betapred, Betariem, Betasalbe ksk, Betaselemin, Betasid, Betasin, Betason, Betasone, Betasone-g, Betatape, Betatopic, Betatrex, Betaval, Betaval-n, Betavate, Betavet, Betazon, Betesil, Betnelan, Betnelan v, Betnesalic, Betnesol, Betnesol-v, Betneval, Betnevate, Betnoval g, Betnovat, Betoblock, Betodermin, Betonate, Betopic, Betricin, Betsolan, Bettamousse, Bevalex, Bevason, Biorinil, Blacor, Blamy, Buccobet, Calamiraderon, Camnovate, Celesdepot, Celesemine, Célestamine, Celestan, Celestan biphase, Celestana, Célestène, Celestoderm, Celeston, Celeston valerat, Celestone, Celestonvalerat, Celestovet, Cevicort, Chlocodemin, Cidoten, Cidoten inyectable, Cidoten rapilento, Cidoten-v, Cilestoderme, Clotrasone, Coid, Colergis, Cordes beta, Coritex, Corsaderm, Cortamine, Corteroid, Cortibet, Cortiderma, Cortiflam, Cortimax, Cortispec, Cortival, Cortixyl, Cortixyl depot, Cremirit, Cronocorteroid, Cronolevel, Dacam, Daivobet, Debion-vg, Deflatop, Deltalaf, Dermabet, Dermabiolene, Dermasone, Dermesone, Dermizol, Dermosol, Dermosol-dp, Dermosone, Derzid, Dexacort depot, Dexan g, Dexan-vg, Digenta, Diprocel, Diproderm, Diprofast, Diproform, Diproforte, Diprofos, Diprogenta, Diprolen, Diprolene, Dipronova, Diprophos, Diprosalic, Diprosan, Diprosis, Diprosone, Diprosone depot, Diprospan, Diprostène, Diprotop, Diprovate, Disopranil, Dovobet, Dppollon, Ecoval, Egerian, Eleuphrat, Emperacin, Erispan, Exabet, Exabetin, Eye rinderon, Eyebet, Fidagenbeta, Floderm, Flogozyme, Flosteron, Fluororinil, Fubecot, Fucibet, Fucicort, Fucicream, Fuciderm, Fungolisin nf, Fusibact b, Fusibet, Futasone, Galinocort, Garamat, Garasone, Gentalyn, Gentamicin, Gentasone, Gentavet, Gentocin, Helpoderm, Hicort, Histablock, Hizubot, Ijilone v, Infanal, Inflacor, Inflacor retard, Isotic betaracin, Itisona, Kamelyn, Keligroll, Krimbeson, Kuterid, Kuterid g, Labosona, Lazar, Lenasone, Lenovate, Linolacort, Linolosal, Lotricomb, Luricul vg, Luxiq, Maxivate, Medobeta, Metaskin-n, Methasol, Methovate, Movithiol, Multiderm, Mytaderm, Nilacelin, Nisagon, Nolcot, Norbet, Ocuson, Oftasona p, Ophtamesone, Ophtasone, Opizole, Osmoran, Otomax, Oviskin, Persivate, Prevason, Prevex b, Propiochrone, Propioform, Proson, Psorcutan, Puradesmin, Quiacort, Ratio-topilene, Ratio-topisalic, Ratio-topisone, Repivate, Rinbeta pf, Rinderon, Rinderon-dp, Rinderon-v, Rinesteron, Saccortin, Salgen plus, Salibet, Sanbetason, Scanderma, Septon, Seroderm, Sinacort, Skilone, Skizon-n, Soderm, Solu-celestan, Soluderme, Solusone, Sonigen, Spel, Steromien, Steronema, Supraproct, Suprasone, Suprastene, Taclonex, Tanderil, Taro-sone, Tokuderm, Topagen, Topicasone, Topiderm, Topik, Topizone, Uciderm, Uniflex, Vabeta, Valbet, Valecort, Valederm, Valerpan, Valisone, Valnac, Verilona, Viltern, Vista-methasone, Walacort, Xamiol, Zensoderm, Zestam

Love spells

Love spells

A love spell is an influence a spell caster exerts on the person’s chakras, as well as the situation, to create love, sexual and mental bonds between the two people that will cause real love. Love magic is the art of magic that helps a person love, find peace of mind and become happy.
(More about love spells )

A person in love is capable of anything. Even though we think we are unique, we all act in the same way. In particular, we flirt, sometimes openly, but when we achieve nothing we fall into depression. Eventually, we start browsing the Internet for a powerful love spell.

  • Usually, when people discuss with me which magic love spell to order, they end up choosing a different type of magic from what they initially planned. I explain to all my clients what each magic spell love is and why a certain spell should or shouldn’t be used in their case.

  • You may spend weeks browsing the Web in search for a real love spell. However, no matter how hard you work studying magic and sacral texts, you can’t be sure that you will be able to successfully cast attractive love spells on your own. Almost every day I receive emails from people who tried to cast a love attraction spell on their own but failed. Moreover, casting a spell on one’s own having no necessary knowledge and skill is dangerous. As a result, many of those who cast love spells, objects of love spells and their immediate family suffer because of such reckless actions.

  • Sometimes, even professionals find it hard to understand which love charms spells are actually effective. What should you do if you are not a spell caster at all? What if you have never studied magic and can’t figure out the effectiveness of charms love with your energies? You have to take risks and buy good luck love charms on the Internet, or rely on the reviews of those who have already bought lucky charms for love.

  • Starting this article, I want to warn you that you should never try to practice voodoo love magic on your own, unless you are trained at it, have a bunch of amulets to protect you, and have prepared your subtle bodies and energies for coming into contact with it. Each voodoo love spell is connected with ancient spirits. They turned to be so powerful that they managed to preserve their voodoo magic to the present day. Thanks to them, the ancient African magic not only survived, but also spread around the world.

  • We could spend hours discussing the difference between white and black love magic. However, as an experienced spell caster with over a thousand love spells white magic cast, I assure you that there is just one difference. It is your answer to the question, “Do you believe your love deserves to exist or you think that without suppressing your beloved’s will you will never make him yours?”

  • Come to a young birch tree on April, 22nd. Take with you some honey, two eggs fried in some vegetable oil, two ribbons (green and red), and a silk belt, which you have been wearing before the ritual for at least seven days.

  • In the past, white healing spells were widely used to treating various diseases and restoring body functions. Healing magic is based on symbolism, when different substituting objects are used: from a hair and the skin of the dog that bit the person to something remotely connected with the object. Sometimes, it’s based on the similarity of the names: horn of plenty – animal’s horn. Right now, we don’t want to list all the methods and techniques, but in practical magic they all are based on analogy. To give you an example, I can describe you a method used to restore lost sexual functions. It’s based on the removal of black witchcraft.

  • There are many good-looking and nice men who are single for some reason. They can’t find that girl they would fall in love with. Such men are not attracted by regular women. They’re looking for someone unearthy, someone who in dreams, as a ghost. It charms, fascinates them. Sometimes, men feel uncomfortable around regular women. They live in the world of their illusions. Trying to build a relationship with someone, the man becomes disappointed in the woman quickly, breaks up with her and starts looking for someone else.

  • Smoke is mystical. It symbolizes dreams, unclearness, mystery. Perhaps, this is why the cigarette love spell was invented. It’s an effective way to get your beloved to fall in love with you, but its results don’t last long. There are several methods of casting a love spell on a man with the help of cigarette smoke. The first one implies the magic of the word. Saying the spell, you focus on your beloved and forget about the reality and problems.

  • The most difficult part of this love spell is getting the hairs of your beloved. To do that, offer him to use your comb (remove your hairs from it in advance in case they are of the same color and length) or ask him to give you his comb, take the hairs from it and hide it in your pocket. You will need five hairs.

  • Based on the energy of orgasm, a sperm love spell helps women boost their beloved’s sexual attraction to them.

    To cast a light sperm love spell, you will need your beloved’s sperm, your saliva and blood. When the moon is waxing, pour the sperm, saliva and blood into a clay cup and say, “My blood, burning and passionate, excites love in (your beloved’s name). Inflame the passions, make him think about me.

  • In this case, time is the most important factor. The main task is to break the husband’s new love affair. I usually select a negative program that will make the husband hate his lover. To make sure he returns to his wife, I apply to love magic.

  • People often ask me how to put a white love spell.
    White love spells use love energy. White love spells can be casted only by a person who has warm feelings towards another person, such as liking, affection, passion. Mutual understanding and a long-lasting relationship is what this person wants. Later on, this person wants to start a family and have children. White magic is perfect for it and no negative consequences will follow.

  • The effect of some love spells is similar to that of an evil curse, while their consequences can be grave for the person the love spell is put on. If you notice that you have taken a liking to a person who you have always been indifferent to, if you understand that this person is not good for you but can’t do anything about it, you may have been put a love spell on. Immediate actions should be taken to remedy the situation, or it may affect your body and mind.

  • Time: Tuesday (during the day); waning moon.
    Candles: black, silver, indigo ritual candles.
    Incense: lilac.
    Crystals: transparent crystal of quartz, green calcite.
    Oil: amber or lavender
    Reconciliation Spel

  • Reconciliation love spells are most effective if casted with the participation of both partners. It is perfect for couples wanting to get back together or friends who fell out with each other.

  • The mirror love spell seems to be beyond the power of time. It was used by our grate grandparents and now is widely used by young girls to solve problems in their love life, restore previous relationships or attract the attention of the one they desire. This spell can also be put by a man to attract the love of a woman.

  • The Muslim love spell has its peculiarities. Just like in other spells, in the Muslim love spell, belief in the final result, observance of the rules of magic and the spell caster’s personal power are what’s important.

  • Focus on your thoughts and feelings you will have while being in a relationship with this person.

    Time to cast a relationship spell: Friday, waxing or full moon days.

    Candles: your astrological candle or another candle with a picture of your zodiacal sign. Three pink candles or three small church candles can be used.

  • Other articles

    Dis-ease - How Do You Spell Disease?

    How Do You Spell Disease?

    By Phylameana lila Desy. Holistic Healing Expert

    Phylameana lila Desy is certified in Usui Shiki Ryoho Reiki and the Science of Intuition from the Holos Institutes of Health. She embraces holistic healing as a way of life. Read more

    Reader Question: Why do you spell disease with a hyphen. example: dis-ease

    Answer: The term "dis-ease" is used as a substitute for the the word disease by individuals and healing communities who are aligned with wellness. In doing this it is their intent to place emphasis on the natural state of "ease" being imbalanced or disrupted, desiring not to give too much focus to a particular ailment.

    Another good example of this idea is that a person who had been diagnosed with diabetes would not say "I am a diabetic" but rather "I am challenged with diabetes." Please don't give your personal power over to a language or a dis-ease!

    Continue Reading Below

    More and more people are discovering how the words we utter and write carry power and are altering their voices accordingly.

    How to Cure Diseases in - Oblivion

    How to Cure Diseases in "Oblivion"

    Although most diseases in "Oblivion" are simply nuisances, players may grimace at a case of ataxia or bone break fever affecting their strength. Diseases come primarily from attacks from filthy enemies, so any run-in with zombies, rats, boars, mudcrabs and even beggars can leave you feeling run down. Luckily in "Oblivion," players never have to look far to find a cure: spells, consumables and altars are readily available to bring yourself back to full health. Each cure immediately removes all disease from the player, so you only need one potion or spell to cure multiple ailments.

    Other People Are Reading
    • How to Change the Camera Depth in Oblivion
    • How to Use Potions on Others in "The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion"
    Cure Disease Items

    Cure Disease potions are the most readily available items that cure any disease, including the beginning stages of vampirism (porphyric hemophilia). Purchase these potions from alchemical vendors in nearly any town, find them in chests in homes or dungeons or brew your own – though the ingredients are somewhat rare. The most basic requirement for brewing a cure disease potion is a mortar and pestle, a sampling of elf cup cap, and either root pulp, clannfear claw or mandrake root. Players can consume any of the latter three ingredients to simply cure disease without any alchemy mixing necessary, but the full potion recipe requires elf cup cap and one of the other three ingredients. Shepherd's pie serves as a fourth consumable that also cures diseases immediately. In addition to being one-ingredient cures, these four consumables are much lighter than cure disease potions.

    Cure Disease Spell

    Several priests and priestesses throughout Cyrodiil sell the "cure disease" spell, including resident clergy in Leyawiin, Bruma, Cheydinhal, Anvil, Skingrad, Bravil and Chorrol. As this is a journeyman-level spell, you must have a restoration skill level of at least 50 to cast it. Additionally, players under the birthsign of The Serpent can automatically cast a "cure disease" spell once a day – no purchase required.

    Healing Altars and Wayshrines

    Praying to altars at chapels or wayshrines is a free way to cure diseases. Before you can use an altar at a chapel, however, you must pray at the corresponding Divine's wayshrine – for example, to receive the blessing of Mara, you must find her wayshrine in the wilderness, activate her blessing and pray to her corresponding altar in any of the nine chapels in Cyrodiil. Having an infamy level higher than your fame level, however, cuts off this method of healing – if you're a well-known Dark Brotherhood and Thieves Guild member, for instance, you are likely considered too dastardly to receive blessings of the divine.

    Curing Vampirism

    Full-fledged vampirism starts as a mild case of porphyric hemophilia, which you can cure with any of the methods for curing disease. After both three in-game days pass and the player sleeps three times, the permanent effects set in. Though the disease is controllable through regular feedings, a single cure can remove the disease forever and let players enjoy the sun again without worry. The cure is the reward for a long quest called "Vampirism Cure." Speak to Raminus Polus at the Arcane University, who will refer you to Count Janus Hassildor in Skingrad, who tips you off to a witch named Melisande who possibly has a cure. Melisande requests five grand soul gems and a laundry list of potion ingredients, but your hard work will indeed result in a one-time cure for vampirism. Be certain of your decision, however, as regaining vampirism is impossible after drinking the potion.

    Console Commands (Skyrim) - Elder Scrolls

    Console Commands (Skyrim)

    Game screen showing the Console Command line. No reference set.

    Game screen showing the Console Command line. Reference set.

    Console Commands are a debugging tool available to PC players, adding a wide range of functionality to the game. On American English keyboards, the tilde key (

    ) will toggle the console screen, but on British English keyboards, that key is the grave key ( ` ). The tilde key on American English keyboards also picture the grave symbol. The key is located below Escape ( Esc ) and just left of the one (1) key.

    Contents Comparisons with other games Using the console Entering codes
    • Codes are not case sensitive; "a" is same as "A".
    • Codes are shown as: Code <Variable> <#>
    • The < and > are not entered with the code, and # is replaced by the desired quantity.
    • The code to add an item is listed as: Player.AddItem <ItemID> <#>
    • If you wanted to add 500 gold, it would be entered as:
    player.additem f 500 Targeting

    To target an object, open the console and click the object. Its name will appear about center screen. An item targeted in the console is also called a reference.

    A target may also be selected using the PRID command and the target's Reference ID.

    Short Code or Prefix Required

    Short code refers to a code having a short form that can be used interchangeably with the Long form.

    • ToggleFogOfWar is the long code form.
    • TFOW is the short code form.

    Prefix Required refers to a code needing a prefix to work as intended.

    • SetHealth <#> will set the max health of the target selected by clicking or the PRID command to <#>.
    • Player.SetHealth <#> will set your max health to <#>.

    Equipitem <ItemID> <#><left/right>

    Forces the target to equip <ItemID>, if it is in their inventory. Adding a '1' after the ID seems to make some items un removable, while '0' keeps them removable as normal. <left/right> will equip the weapon in the left or right hand.

    Equipspell <SpellID> <left/right>

    Forces the target to equip <SpellID>, <left/right> will equip the spell in the left or right hand. spells cannot be acquired by addspell command such as Vampiric Drain can be acquired temporarily in this way. as for player variant: type "player.Equipspell <SpellID> <left/right> "

    Unequipitem <ItemID> <#><left/right>

    Forces the target to unequip <ItemID>, similiar to Equipitem command except this one is for unequiping items. if it is in their inventory. Adding a '1' after the ID seems to make some items un removable, while '0' keeps them removable as normal. <left/right> will unequip the weapon in the left or right hand.

    setessential <BaseID> <#>

    Make NPC mortal (0) / immortal(1).

    Add shout to player skill list. Shouts are also part of spells so in order for this command to work you would need the spells unlocked. List of Shout Codes .*NOTE: Shouts can be unlocked using: player.unlockword <shoutID>

    Doing this will allow you to change your race without using showracemenu. Note: May bug after certain transformations (ex: Werewolf), and revert to original race, or the race you selected using showracemenu.

    A variant of SetPlayerRace <Raceid>. it is possible to become non-human race using this variant i.e. Player.SetRace DragonRace will transform the player into a Dragon and capable of using Thu'um under Dragon voice clip, this variant can also be used on NPCs.

    Adjust field of view. The default is 75, and the maximum value appears to be 160. Higher numbers allow a wider field of vision, but it can be distorted. Lower numbers show a "zoomed" view. 60-90 is a useful range.

    Set the speed of the free-flying camera ( tfc ). The default is 1. Setting it to 2, for example, would double the speed, and to 0.5 would half the speed.

    Allows for the camera to view the player character from any direction without changing which way they are facing.

    While in third person, the player character's arms—which would normally only appear in first person—appear behind the player character, allowing for the player to experience first person and third person simultaneously.

    Bring up character customization menu. Magicka, Stamina, and Health will be spread evenly on using this depending on your character's level. It will remove any custom point distributions. Note: Using TGM command before entering the menu will retain your original levels. Will only modify your attributes/skills/points/etc. if you change the race, sex, or select a preset from the list. Modifying cosmetic things like skin color/warpaint/hair/face shape/etc. will leave your points.


    This section contains bugs related to Console Commands (Skyrim). Before adding a bug to this list, consider the following:

    1. Please reload an old save to confirm if the bug is still happening.
    2. If the bug is still occurring, please post the bug report with the appropriate system template  360   /  XB1   ,  PS3   /  PS4   ,  PC   /  MAC   , depending on which platform(s) the bug has been encountered on.
    3. Be descriptive when listing the bug and fixes, but avoid having conversations in the description and/or using first-person-anecdotes: such discussions belong on the appropriate forum board .
    • Kill command: In third person mode, the player can go into console and select themselves, and then use the kill command. This will cause the Dragonborn to die. However. this is easily glitched. If the Dragonborn is still selected, the "resurrect" command will cause major problems. First, the view will be stuck in third person mode from the angle visible at the time of death. The HUD will be completely invisible unless the Dragonborn is crouching. Animations will be broken as well, i.e. holding an iron dagger won't always register, so the fists animation will be used. The iron dagger will still be in-hand. Ragdoll physics also apply when in this state.
      • This can be fixed by being attacked by a Greybeard using Ice Form.
    • Toggle Collision: When using the tcl command there is a bug in the programming that will not always allow it to activate collision, when it does allow the command to work when typing tcl to disable the effect the same issue can occur.
      • The only fix for this is to save your game, exit game to desktop, reopen game and continue on.
    Start a Discussion Discussions about Console Commands (Skyrim)

    So i dont use the. Oh maybe thats why i never seem to get anything to work *laughing and feeling slightly embarrassed* thank you so much. 2016-04-23T18:32:19Z

  • Yes it finally worked! Thanks lots! Gee what a noob i am sometimes! Hahahahahahahaha! 2016-04-23T18:35:04Z

    Still seems like the only way to properly fix it is reload a save back when you had a head, you can try opening and closing the character edi. 2015-08-24T18:52:41Z

  • I have found a fix for this bug (needs conformation). If you get decapitated pull up the console command and enter "coc" followed by a locat. 2016-04-15T03:51:21Z

  • Breath-Holding Spells

    Breath-Holding Spells

    A breath-holding spell is an episode in which the child stops breathing and loses consciousness for a short period immediately after a frightening or emotionally upsetting event.

    Breath-holding spells occur in 5% of otherwise healthy children. They usually begin in the second year of life. They disappear by age 4 in 50% of children and by age 8 in about 83% of children. The 17% of children who continue to have spells as adults lose consciousness as a reaction to emotional stress. Breath-holding spells can take one of two forms.

    The cyanotic form of breath-holding, which is most common, is initiated subconsciously by young children often as a component of a temper tantrum or in response to a scolding or other upsetting event. Episodes peak at about 2 years and are rare after 5 years. During the episode, a child holds his breath (without necessarily being aware he is doing so) until he loses consciousness. Typically, the child cries out, breathes out, then stops breathing. Shortly afterward, the child's skin begins to turn blue and he becomes unconscious. A seizure may occur. After the loss of consciousness (which generally lasts for seconds only), breathing resumes and normal skin color and consciousness return. It may be possible to interrupt the episode by placing a cold rag on the child's face when the spell begins. Despite the frightening nature of the episode, the parents must try to avoid reinforcing the initiating behavior in the cyanotic form. As the child recovers, parents should put the child safely in bed. Parents should enforce household rules; the child cannot have "free rein" of the house just because these spells follow temper tantrums. Distracting the child and avoiding situations that will likely lead to tantrums are good strategies.

    The pallid form typically follows a painful experience, such as falling and banging the head or being suddenly startled. The brain sends out a signal (via the vagus nerve) that severely slows the heart rate, producing loss of consciousness. Thus, in this form, the loss of consciousness and stoppage of breathing (which are both temporary) result from a nerve response to being startled that leads to slowing of the heart.

    The child stops breathing, rapidly loses consciousness, and becomes pale and limp. A seizure may occur. The heart typically beats very slowly during an attack. After the attack, the heart speeds up again, breathing restarts, and consciousness returns without any treatment. Because this type is rare, if the attacks occur often, further diagnostic evaluation and treatment may be needed.

    Last full review/revision February 2003

    Source: The Merck Manual Home Edition

  • Spel diseases

    transitive verb

    1. to read slowly and with difficulty —often used with out

    2. to find out by study. come to understand —often used with out<it requires some pains to spell out those decorations — F. J. Mather>

    3a(1). to name the letters of in order; also. to write or print the letters of in order (2). to write or print the letters of in a particular way b. to make up (a word) <what word do these letters spell >c. write 1b <catnip is spelled as one word>

    4. to add up to. mean <crop failure was likely to spell stark famine — Stringfellow Barr>

    intransitive verb

    to form words with letters <teach children to spell > ; also. to spell words in a certain way <spells the way he speaks>

    1aarchaic. a shift of workers b. one's turn at work

    2a. a period spent in a job or occupation bchiefly Australian. a period of rest from work, activity, or use

    3a. an indeterminate period of time <waited a spell before advancing> ; also. a continuous period of time <did a spell in prison>b. a stretch of a specified type of weather

    4. a period of bodily or mental distress or disorder <a spell of coughing><fainting spells >

    How do you spell diseases

    How do you spell diseases?

    Eva has a Bachelors Degree in English and a Masters Degree in English Education.

    When it comes to spelling, some people do it extremely well while others struggle. If you are one who finds spelling challenging, you are certainly not alone. Despite all the … rules in the English language, there are many exceptions to these rules which would explain why spelling is so difficult for many. Here are a few tips that will help you improve your skills.There is a direct correlation between how a person spells and how much the person reads. With reading, you are exposed to a large variety of words, from simple to complex. If you are paying attention to the content of the text, your brain processes the information, especially when it is exposed to the same word many times over. This repetition is how you will retain the spelling of many words. Keep your options open: Read a variety of material like books, newspapers, and magazines to stay interested and alert.This same idea is true with writing. During the writing process, you will sometimes find that a misspelled word just doesn't look right, which will prompt you to look up it in a dictionary. Over a little time, the words you look up will become ingrained in your memory.There are some rules that apply to many words in the English language.1) "i" before "e," except after "c" or when sounding like "-ay" as in "neighbor" and "way."The first part of this saying ("i" before "e") is illustrated in words like piece, field, and fierce; exceptions to this would be weird, vein, and height."Except after 'c'" words are conceive, receipt, and perceive; exceptions include species, efficient, and science.Some examples of "sounding like '-ay'" are freight and sleigh.2) "when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking."This means that when two vowels are next to each other, the first vowel's long sound is pronounced and the second vowel is silent.3) When the last three letters of a word end with a vowel, a consonant, and an "e," the vowel will be pronounced with the long sound and the "e" will be silent.Included in this group: crate, cute, site, officiate, promoteSometimes you might be confused on how to spell a word when it changes from singular to plural.1) Singular words that end in -y change to -ies when made plural. The same general rule applies to changing verb tense.Examples: party—parties, imply—implies, candy—candies/ verbs: try—tries, dry—dries, satisfy--satisfied2) Words that end in -f change to -ves.Examples: leaf—leaves, hoof—hooves3) Other words that end in -ch, --x, or -s can be made plural by adding -es.Examples: church—churches, box—boxes, bus—buses, kiss—kisses4) There are irregular plural forms also to note.Examples: child—children, man—men, goose—geese, mouse—mice, deer—deer5) Many words that do not fit into the categories above will just receive an -s, especially those that end with a silent -e.Examples: athlete—athletes, book—books, zoo—zoos, rake—rakes, haze—hazesHomophones are words that sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. There are two sets in particular that tend to give many people a lot of trouble: you're / your and they're / there/ theirThe best way to check if the contractions above (you're and they're) are the right words to use is to separate them into their two original words (you are, they are) and see if this form fits into the sentence. Your and their: these are possessive pronouns; if you want to show ownership in your sentence, these are the words to use.Many people misspell words but the words they misspell vary from person to person. In addition to learning the rules, you might want to create a personal spelling list in which you record and study the words you tend to misspell frequently. Some of those words will fall under the general rules listed above, which will make them easier to remember; however, there is simply no avoiding having to memorize some of them.Be careful with relying on the spellcheck function that many writing programs contain. If you misspell the word you want but spell a different, existing word instead, the program will not necessarily catch the error. The best practice is to always edit your work, paying close attention to spelling.Ultimately, the words you learn to spell will be those that you make the most effort to learn. Don't get discouraged if you fall short. Spelling is an art and with all the rules and exceptions to the rules, it is not an easy task to master. Keep challenging yourself. (MORE)

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    Spelling Disorders

    Spelling Disorders Title Spelling Disorders Book Title Written Expression Disorders Pages pp 14-33 Copyright 1995 DOI 10.1007/978-94-011-0297-1_2 Print ISBN 978-94-010-4131-7 Online ISBN 978-94-011-0297-1 Series Title Neuropsychology and Cognition Series Volume 10 Series ISSN 0927-0116 Publisher Springer Netherlands Copyright Holder Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Additional Links
    • About this Book
    • Neurology
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    • Noël Gregg (3)
    Author Affiliations
    • 3. Learning Disabilities Center, The University of Georgia, USA
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